Tenosynovitis is a condition that affects the sheath that surrounds a tendon. In many cases tenosynovitis can go hand in hand with tendonitis which is caused by inflammation of the tendon itself. Both tenosynovitis and tendonitis are considered as repetitive strain injuries and are common amongst middle aged people that are physically active or have jobs that require repetitive movements.
When the fluid filled sheath (which is called the synovium) that surrounds the tendon becomes roughened or inflamed due to overuse there is a possibility that tenosynovitis will manifest itself.
Classic symptoms of tenosynovitis
There are one or two different types of tenosynovitis, but the main symptoms that a sufferer would likely encounter are as follows –
- Pain when moving the affected joint
- A reddening along the length of the affected tendon
- A difficulty moving the joint
- There will often be an aching feeling in the joint
- The joint may become swollen
- There may be a feeling of tenderness in the affected area
- A feeling of stiffness of the affected joint
- A suffered may feel shooting pains up the arm
- A loss of grip may be encountered
Other symptoms of tenosynovitis
Two other main forms of tenosynovitis are De Quervain’s tenosynovitis and stenosing tenosynovitis (often called Trigger Finger) which cause specific symptoms peculiar to their respective conditions.
In addition to the symptoms of classic tenosynovitis you could also encounter the following additions symptoms.
Symptoms of De Quervain’s tenosynovitis
De Quervain’s tenosynovitis is a condition common in adults that affects the tendons that are used to straighten the thumb so it is possible that a suffered will encounter pain at the base of the thumb near the wrist along with thumb mobility problems and other general classic tenosynovitis symptoms which can be exacerbated by prolonged repetitive movement in the affected area.
Symptoms of stenosing tenosynovitis (Trigger Finger)
Stenosing tenosynovitis affects usually the middle finger, ring finger or thumb and sufferers are unable to extend the affected finger or fingers fully which will usually cause dysfunction and pain.